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An obligation for self-employed people to make provisions for old age is not necessary

IfM Bonn recommends instead better integration of existing pension insurance systems

Approx. six out of ten self-employed persons generate a profit income of less than 10,000 euros per year. Their profits thus remain below the basic tax-free allowance and are not sufficient to build up an adequate…


Corona stimulates the propensity to found new businesses in academia

IfM Bonn examined the entrepreneurial willingness of academics in German universities and schools of applied science

In spring 2020, the first wave of Covid 19 pandemic did not show negative influence on the willingness of academics at German universities to set up their own businesses. On the…


German start-up dynamics in times of Covid 19

IfM Bonn examined the effects of the coronavirus-pandemic on the creation and closure of businesses

According to studies conducted by the IfM Bonn, three aspects had a major impact on start-up dynamics in the commercial business sector during the first half of 2020: The national border closures at…


Why apprenticeship rates in micro-enterprises are declining

Apprenticeship readiness is higher than official data suggest

A lack of applicants, rising costs and organisational efforts have contributed to the fact that the number of apprentices has been declining in the micro-enterprises for years. Whereas in 2005 around 383,000 apprentices were still being…


Ways out of the Covid 19 crisis

International researchers discussed the current challenges for SMEs with policy makers and representatives from business

How will the Covid 19 crisis affect small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the short and long term? Which support measures may be necessary to revive the economy? Will the…


SMEs: Training instead of employment of ICT specialists

IfM Bonn: In 2019 fewer SMEs pursued an online sales strategy than in 2018

Video conferencing, online sales and remote service maintenance have become much more important for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Germany since the beginning of the corona pandemic.

In 2019 this was still…


Mittelstand has a stabilising effect in times of crises

Research project of the IfM Bonn investigates the contribution of Germany’s Mittelstand to society

Due to its economic importance, the Mittelstand is often described as the backbone of Germany’s economy. However, the contribution of Mittelstand companies to society goes far beyond measurable…


Germany's SMEs are larger than those in other EU Member States

Lower SME employment share in knowledge-intensive services than the EU average

10.09.2020. Germany has fewer micro-enterprises (maximum of 9 employees) but more small (maximum of 49 employees) and medium-sized enterprises (maximum of 249 employees) than other EU Member States. Overall, the average…


After the acute corona phase, the gaze is directed forward again

"New normality" is now part of everyday life in most Mittelstand businesses

Mittelstand businesses have largely adjusted to the "new normal" due to the Corona crisis. Accordingly, the new evaluation of the "Mittelstand Future Panel" shows that challenges of "strengthening innovation and…


What the Corona crisis currently means for the Mittelstand sector

Representatives from science, business and economic policy discussed the current economic situation at the first digital round table for Mittelstand businesses

"It is very positive that the successive restart of the economy is not oriented towards the companies' value-added contribution, but…