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IfM-Materialien | 2010 The opportunity costs of social security when changing from unemployment benefit I to self-employment: Simulation calculations for selected case groups

In view of the serious differences in the possibilities of social security offered to recipients of unemployment benefit I and self-employed persons, the present study examines how high the so-called opportunity costs of social security are when a recipient of unemployment benefit I becomes self-employed and what influence these opportunity costs have on his or her decision to become self-employed. The extensive simulation calculations show that in the vast majority of the cases investigated, the decision to become self-employed is accompanied by positive opportunity costs, provided that no start-up subsidy is received. If, on the other hand, the start-up subsidy is taken up, a change to self-employment is associated with financial advantages for far more groups of cases.

Gawlitta, L.; Kay, R. unter Mitarbeit von Boerger, S. (2010): Die Opportunitätskosten der sozialen Absicherung beim Wechsel aus dem Arbeitslosengeld I in die Selbstständigkeit: Simulationsrechnungen für ausgewählte Fallgruppen, in: IfM Bonn (Hrsg.): IfM-Materialien Nr. 197, Bonn.