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Daten und Fakten

In the "Daten und Fakten" series, different data sets are statistically analysed and evaluated, and various statistical sources are analysed regarding the Mittelstand.

32 Results

Facts and figures | 2024 The underrepresentation of women in entrepreneurship

Although the number of self-employed women has increased more than men in recent decades, there is still a clear under-representation of women in entrepreneurship.

Facts and figures | 2023 Hybrid self-employment in the employment trajectory. Analyses based on the Taxpayer Panel 2001-2018

From a socio-political point of view, the growing number of hybrid self-employed is associated with the concern that gaps could open up in their old-age provision. However, hybrid self-employment episodes are usually of short duration, although they often occur several times in the course of employment.

Facts and figures | 2022 Company sales - prevalence, revenues, and trends

We examine the market for company sales in the years from 2001 to 2016 with income tax data. Both, the number of sales and the average profits increased over time.

Facts and figures | 2022 Start-up activity in the districts and independent cities: What characterises successful start-up ecosystems?

This study examines the characteristics of successful regional start-up ecosystems. Both commercial and freelance start-ups in the period 2017 - 2019 are taken into account.

Facts and figures | 2022 Development of hybrid self-employment in Germany – analyses based on the Taxpayer Panel 2001-2016

Hybrid self-employment is receiving increasing attention. However, little is known about this form of employment's true extent and characteristics. This study deals with it based on the Taxpayer Panel for the first time

Facts and figures | 2022 Impact of the Covid19 pandemic on start-up activities in 2020 – a regional analysis

Based on business registration statistics and a wide range of other information on the startup ecosystem, we examine the impact of the Covid19 pandemic on startup activity in 401 districts and independent cities in Germany.

Facts and figures | 2022 The role of family businesses and female-led family business in the economy

The IfM Bonn has been estimating the number of owner-managed enterprises (family busi-nesses) and the number of female-led family businesses repeatedly since 2001.

Facts and figures | 2022 Business successions in Germany 2022 to 2026

Due to missing data from official statistics, IfM Bonn has been estimating (since the mid-1990s) the number of enterprises that are about to be transferred to new owners. The present estimation concludes that from 2022 to 2026, about 190,000 companies are due to be handed over.

Facts and figures | 2021 Business size statistics 2019: Effects of the inclusion of persons in marginally employment in the business register on the SME key figures

The Federal Statistical Office has made methodological adjustments to the statistical business register that affect the SME share of the business stock, turnover and employment.

Facts and figures | 2021 Development of start-up activities in districts and independent cities 2003-2019

Basierend auf der Gewerbeanzeigenstatistik untersuchen wir die Entwicklung des Existenzgründungsgeschehens in 401 Kreisen und kreisfreien Städten in Deutschland im Zeitraum 2003 bis 2019.

Facts and figures | 2019 Business start-ups by women - current developments

Women have always been underrepresented in the founding process in Germany. This under-representation has recently increased again.

Facts and figures | 2019 Sub-Saharan Africa and foreign trade activities of German SME

This study investigates the economies of the sub-Saharan States in Africa, which account for only 2% of the world GDP. Using statistical data, it is analyzed whether German companies have successfully established business relationships in this region.

Facts and figures | 2018 The employment and income situation of Young Women MINT Professionals in medium-sized companies

This study analyzes the employment and income situation of Young Women MINT Professionals (YWMP) in medium-sized companies. It shows that YWMPs are strongly underrepresented, slightly less so in micro and large enterprises than in small and medium-sized enterprises

Facts and figures | 2018 Regional analysis of start-up activities in North Rhine-Westphalia - 2015 to 2017

The IfM Bonn has analyzed the founding events in the economic regions of North Rhine-Westphalia by means of special evaluations of the trade advertisement statistics and information from the tax authorities.

Facts and figures | 2018 Business start-ups by foreign citizens: Update 2018

Foreigners have played a significant role in shaping the business start-up process in both Germany and North Rhine-Westphalia between 2007 and 2016. Foreign founders have played a particularly important role in the commercial sector.

Facts and figures | 2018 The use of bankruptcy reorganisation channels by small and medium-sized enterprises - the example of self-administration

With the introduction of the ESUG, Germany's insolvency law was reformed in 2012. The ESUG opens up new reorganization paths, e.g. the self-administered protective shield procedure before insolvency and self-administration during the opening proceedings.

Facts and figures | 2018 Company successions in Germany 2018 to 2022

Due to a lack of official statistics, the IfM Bonn has been estimating the number of companies in Germany that are about to be handed over since the mid-1990s. The present estimate for the period 2018 to 2022 concludes that about 150,000 companies with about 2.4 million employees are about to be handed over.

Facts and figures | 2017 Internationalization of small and medium-sized enterprises in the service sector in the light of (official) statistics

Germany's trade in services has increased considerably since 2001. The extent to which SMEs in the service sector participate in trade in services has been unclear to date.

Facts and figures | 2016 Information and data sources on the financing structures of medium-sized companies

In the discussion about the financing or equity capitalization of medium-sized companies, the possibilities for borrowing, new forms of financing and thus the changing framework conditions for lending to small and medium-sized companies are currently coming to the fore. In this context, various institutions publish, sometimes regularly, corresponding study results and key figures (reports).

Facts and figures | 2015 Business start-ups by foreign citizens

Foreigners have increasingly influenced the process of business start-ups in both Germany and North Rhine-Westphalia between 2004 and 2014. Foreign founders have played a particularly important role in the commercial sector.