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External publications

All publications that IfM scientists have published externally are compiled here.

results: 199
External publication | 2022
In the eye of the beholder? Differentiating between SMEs and Mittelstand

A common fallacy is that small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are the translation for Mittelstand companies. Until today, no common, widely accepted, and consistently applied understanding of what constitutes the Mittelstand exists, and related international research is consequently less coherent as well as a strong evidence-base for policy makers lacking.

External publication | 2022
Knowledge Accumulation in Entrepreneurship

As the field of entrepreneurship has grown, so has the accumulated knowledge about individual entrepreneurs, entrepreneurial ventures, and the entrepreneurial environment.

External publication | 2022
Protection against discrimination and the promotion of diversity in the workplace

This study analyses the implementation of diversity and antisdiscrimination measures in companies, administrations and third sector organisations 15 years after introduction of the AGG and the establishment of the „Charta der Vielfalt.

External publication | 2022
Business Successions in Germany. Current estimates of the IfM Bonn

Due to the lack of available official statistics, the Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn has been regularly estimating the number of family businesses in Germany that are due for succession in the next five years for almost 30 years using a specially developed estimation procedure.

External publication | 2022
Ausländische Staatsangehörige als Gründer in NRW zwischen 2003 und 2018

The report shows that start-ups founded by immigrants have contributed significantly to NRW's economy between 2003 and 2018.

External publication | 2022
Reduce bureaucracy

Even if policymakers use numerous instruments to reduce bureaucracy, many Mittelstand companies feel that the bureaucratic regulations – but especially the regulations for their implementation–- are too high.

External publication | 2022
Private Equity in the Mittelstand - Analysis of the Development of Private Equity Financed Companies

The aim of the study is to analyze the development of equity-financed companies in comparision to companies without private equity financing. Overall, the equity-financed companies developed very positively and outperformed the randomly selected peer group of companies without equity financing.

External publication | 2021
The CRADLE teaching methodology: deve-loping foreign language and entrepreneurial skills in primary school pupils

In recent years, a consensus has grown across the European Union that the acquisition of transversal skills—including foreign language and entrepreneurial skills—is key to the success of learners in their personal and professional life.

External publication | 2021
EntreComp at Work. The European Entrepreneurship Competence Framework in Action in the Labour Market: A Selection of Case Studies

Today’s world is characterised by volatility, uncertainty, complexity and ambiguity. Technological developments are redefining the nature of work, transferring tasks from humans to algorithms or robots. Demographic trends, globalisation, climate change, are also contributing to rapid transformations of labour markets.

External publication | 2021
EntreComp into Action: Get Inspired, Make it Happen

This guide is a tool for those individuals and organisations who wish to explore why, when and how they can use EntreComp, the European Entrepreneurship Competence Framework.

External publication | 2021
Education for Social Change: The Case of Teacher Education in Wales

Entrepreneurial education offers valuable opportunities for teachers to foster and enhance creativity and action competence, which are also important for sustainability education. The University of Wales Trinity Saint David (UWTSD) is a leader in the development of entrepreneurial education in teacher education both in Wales and internationally.

External publication | 2021
Entrepreneur - entrepreneur - concept, characteristics, character, scientific research

What is the difference between entrepreneurs and salaried management? What forms of entrepreneurship do exist?

External publication | 2021
Entrepreneur - economics

Entrepreneurial activity already existed in the 3rd millennium BC. This is attested to by cuneiform inscriptions in contemporary Iraq.

External publication | 2021
The SME policy after Corona - for a sustainable future

Covid 19, digitalisation, Green Deal – the Mittelstand will face great challenges in the coming years in addition to their sector and size-specific tasks.

External publication | 2021
Moving Contexts Onto New Roads – Clues From Other Disciplines

This paper responds to Welter’s (2011) call to pay more attention to the diversity of entrepreneurship in theorizing contexts by examining how places come to be understood as entrepreneurial.

External publication | 2021
A replication study on growth paths of young firms: Evidence from German administrative data

This replication study contributes to the lively debate about firm-specific growth paths of new firms. Utilizing rich German administrative panel data (i.e., 895,459 young firms that submitted a turnover tax preregistration form between 2001 and 2011), the study empirically revisits new firms’ growth paths as documented in the JBV Insights paper of Coad et al. (2015).

External publication | 2021
Inventions and their commercial exploitation in academic institutions: Analysing determinants among academic

Institutions of higher education are considered to be an important source of innovation and thereby a key driver of economic growth and development. Consequently, efforts are made to facilitate technology transfer from universities into the market.

External publication | 2021
Different strokes for different folks: The job satisfaction of the selfemployed and the intersection of gender and migration background

Migrant enterprises comprise about 10 per cent of all enterprises in Germany and are therefore a crucial part of the German economy and its entrepreneurial ecosystems.

External publication | 2021
Entrepreneurship Education: Definition - Theory - Perspectives

This anthology captures the current discussion about entrepreneurship education in the context of economic education in Germany.

External publication | 2021
Conceptual and disciplinary genesis of entrepreneurship education

Entrepreneurship education is a diverse and interdisciplinary field of teaching and research.