Developments on the apprenticeship market show not only a declining number of apprentices in establishments with less than ten employees, but also that fewer and fewer micro-enterprises are offering apprenticeships at all. The competition for applicants has generally intensified as young people's interest in apprenticeships is declining. Micro-enterprises with comparatively large numbers of unfilled apprenticeships are particularly affected by this deve-lopment. This study analyzes the reason for this development and examines the challenges for micro-enterprises. The results show that the main reason why apprenticeship positions in micro-enterprises remain unfilled is that they are unable to find (suitable) applicants. If micro-enterprises are (still) able to cover their demand for skilled workers from the external labor market and have no need to train apprentices themselves, they may withdraw from providing apprenticeships.
IfM-Materialien | 2020 Challenges of apprenticeship in micro-enterprises
Pahnke, A.; Icks, A.; Brink, S. (2020): Herausforderungen der Ausbildung in Kleinstbetrieben, IfM Bonn: IfM-Materialien Nr. 284, Bonn.