Overview - Mittelstand
Small and medium-sized enterprises are the engine of the German economy. This is illustrated by statistical data on the macro-economic significance of SMEs and by SME key indicators for Germany and North Rhine-Westphalia (cf. the table below). The following data are based on SME definition by the European Commission.
Please note that we currently provide only a selection of the most important statistics on our English website.
For further statistics, please refer to our German section.
|Number of enterprises|
|Enterprises according to|
business register 202092
|701 797||696 484||99.2%|
|Enterprises liable to VAT 20203||612 557||609 353||99.5%|
|Turnover of enterprises liable|
to VAT 20203 (in €)
|1 503.00 bn||521.84 bn||34.7%|
enterprises and companies
|Employees enterprises according to|
business register 20202
|8.08 m||4.20 m||51.9%|
|Employees subject to social|
insurance contributions in
local establishments (incl.
|6.69 m||4.46 m||66.7%|
|Apprentices in local|
|0.35 m||0.25 m||70.9%|
|Self-employed total 20206||691 000|
Self-employed in liberal
|© IfM Bonn|
Key indicators are being updated on a regular basis. The update schedule depends on the availability of basic data from official/semi-official statistics published by statistical agencies and research institutes respectively.