The first half of 2021 was still characterized by the coronavirus pandemic. However, the lockdowns have hardly had any impact on the scope of start-up activities, which have returned to pre-pandemic levels by the end of the year. The expected increase in company closures did not materialize in the second year of the pandemic either.
IfM-Background-Paper | 2022 Commercial start-ups and company closures 2021 - ambiguous trends
Kranzusch, P.; Kay, R. (2022): Gewerbliche Existenzgründungen und -aufgaben 2021 – ein gemischtes Bild, IfM-Hintergrundpapier, IfM Bonn.