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Facts and figures | 2022 Start-up activity in the districts and independent cities: What characterises successful start-up ecosystems?

This study examines the characteristics of successful regional start-up ecosystems. Both commercial and freelance start-ups in the period 2017 - 2019 are taken into account. The (401) districts and independent cities in Germany are considered as the regional unit. A good transport and telecommunications infrastructure, a high population density and a good endowment with social resources prove to be the defining characteristics of a start-up ecosystem with a high propensity to start up among the population. They are mostly, but not only, found in urban regions. In at least 11 rural regions, the propensity to start a business is above average.

Kay, R.; Kranzusch, P.; Nielen, S.; Suprinovič, O. (2022): Das Gründungsgeschehen in den Kreisen und kreisfreien Städten: Was zeichnet erfolgreiche Gründungsökosysteme aus?, IfM Bonn: Daten und Fakten Nr. 31, Bonn.


Rosemarie Kay
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Peter Kranzusch
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Dr. Sebastian Nielen
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Olga Suprinovič
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